While you may not have known the name of it before now, it’s highly likely that you’ve seen cameo jewelry before. Generally a relief of a scene or face that is carved from some sort of hard, semi-precious stone, cameos have played a role in many different cultures for thousands of years; one that is perhaps more influential than you might think. Follow along as we take a closer look at cameo jewelry and its long history…
When it comes to jewelry and fashion, it’s common knowledge that trends come and go, and that what was once considered in style, could become passe in a very short period of time, never to be seen again. Not so with cameos. With roots in Alexandria, Egypt in the 3rd Century BCE, along with a huge resurgence during the Renaissance, cameos are steeped in cultural significance.
In those early times, cameos were usually the carved relief of an important figure in society, or some sort of mythological or biblical scene. Said carvings weren’t just chosen at random though, they were chosen carefully and displayed intentionally, signaling support of whichever political figure was in (or out) of favor, or conveying a certain belief through mythological allusion; they were considered mystical amulets and tokens of allegiance.
After their initial popularity, cameos did experience a period of dormancy. It wasn’t until the 15th Century in Florence, Italy, that the Medici family cast their influential eyes on the cameo and brought it back to popularity. From there, Napoleon took a serious shine to it, going so far as to create a school in France for cameo carvers. All the rage, cameos during this period took a Neoclassical approach and featured a Roman-esque woman wearing no form of jewelry or adornments. As the cameo trend continued into the 19th Century, Victorian women modified the cameo by requesting reliefs of women with a more slender neck, lavished with ornate jewelry (using real diamonds affixed to the pendants) and/or detailed hair accessories.
As with any other incredibly popular item, more and more reproductions became available, each more realistic than the last, leaving us today with a plethora of authentic and less-than authentic pieces.
How It’s Made
- coral (angelskin = pink; noble = red)
Given their popularity, there are tons of quality cameo reproductions and (not great) fakes out on the market; there’s something for everyone at every price point! That said, it can be really hard to know what to look for in terms of finding the real deal. Below, we’ve listed some pointers to keep in mind while you’re perusing – check them out!
- Familiarize yourself with cameos from different time periods. Whether it’s looking at old art books or doing a simple Google image search, it’s good to have a general idea of what you’re looking at.
- Bring a magnifying glass with you when you shop. Cameos are generally on the smaller side, with details that can be hard to see clearly…a magnifying glass allows you to really see the little things that could make the difference between buying a real or a fake.
- Hold cameo up to a light source and examine the front and back. This isn’t foolproof, but you should be able to see the front relief through the back side if the cameo is carved out of shell.
Since shell is one of the more delicate materials, it has more discrepancies, so you should be able to spot small cracks and veining.
- Examine the setting. When looking at cameos, don’t just focus on the relief itself, also look at the setting it’s place in and whether or not there’s a marking that indicates material (sterling silver = 925; 14k = gold; etc).
Any metal that is marked is more likely to be an authentic relief, but that doesn’t mean that settings without a marking aren’t also legitimate.
These notes aside, the best thing you can do is just to get out there and start looking. Build up a rapport with good antique dealers or with people who just really know their stuff about all things antiquity, and remember that it’s always okay to ask questions…that’s how you learn!
Good luck on your cameo quest and happy hunting!